Flexible production technology is sometimes referred to as:
(a) Just-in-time manufacturing
(b) Quick technology
(c) Lean production
(d) Stable production
(e) Unscheduled manufacturing
Learning effects are a result of:
(b) Learning by doing
(c) Sound product planning tactics
(d) Diseconomies of scale
(e) Product standardization
Effective vision statements include:
(a) All strategic directions of the organizations
(b) A brief statement of the company’s direction
(c) Strategic posturing and future objectives
(d) Financial objectives and projected figures
Sam Walton wanted Walmart to keep costs low. There’ force, as an example to others, he drove his own car and furnished his office with plain, steel desks. In this case, Mr. Walton was displaying his:
(c) Astute use of power
(d) Emotional intelligence
In contrast to an organization’s vision, its mission should:
(a) Be shorter in length.
(b) Encompass both the purpose of the company as well as the basis of competition
(c) Encompass all the major rules and regulations of the corporate work force
(d) Be less details
The resources and capabilities that lead to the formation of distinctive competencies are mostly created at which level of the organization?
Cost reduction pressures can be particularly intense in industries producing:
(a) Commodity-type products
(b) Highly differentiated products
(c) Goods that do not complete on the basis of price
(d) Goods servicing narrowly defined markets.
(e) Highly advertised goods
The core organizational processes as identified by Christopher Bartlett and Sumantra Sumantra Ghoshal are entrepreneurial processes, competence building processes, and:
(a) Coordinating processes
(b) Control processes
(c) Revival processes
(d) Renewal processes
Which one of the following activities is most likely to be a leadership activity?
(a) Coping with organizational complexity
(b) Formulation strategy
(c) Problem solving to ensure strategy is implemented
(d) Planning and budgeting
Which of the following cognitive biases occurs when decision makers commit even more resources if they receive feedback that the project is falling?
(a) Prior hypothesis bias
(b) Reasoning by analogy
(c) Illusion of control
(d) Escalation commitment
Which of the following is used to directly measure the average standard of living across countries?
(a) Real GPD
(b) Nominal GDP
(c) Purchasing power parity
(d) GDP per person
What is the proper sequence of the phase of a business cycle?
(a) Peak, contraction, trough, expansion, recovery.
(b) Peak, contraction, recovery, trough, expansion
(c) Peak, contraction, trough, recovery, expansion
(d) Contraction, peak , trough, recovery, expansion
(e) Recovery, trough, peak, expansion, contraction
In the United States, by far the largest expenditure component in GDP ( Gross Domestic Product) is___________.
(a) Gross private domestic investment
(b) Government purchases of good s and services
(c) Consumption expenditures
(d) Net exports
(e) None of the above
(a) Raises unemployment and educes search effort
(b) Lowers unemployment and reduces search effort
(c) Increases search effort and raises unemployment
(d) Increases search effort and decrease unemployment
At college X, students pay less than the equilibrium tuition. At college Y, students also pay less than the equilibrium tuition. If the supply is the same at each college, it follows that the shortage will be greater at ________.
(a) College X than college Y
(b) College X than the surplus at college Y
(c) College Y than the surplus at college X
(d) College X than college Y if the demand is greater at college X
(e) There is not enough information to answer this question.
Oil producers expect that oil prices next year will be lower than oil prices this year. As a result, oil producers are most likely to___________.
(a) Place more oil on the market this year, thus shifting the present supply curve of oil rightward
(b) Hold some oil off the market his year, thus shifting the present supply curve of oil leftward
(c) Place more oil on the market his year, thus increasing the quantity supplied of oil at lower, but not higher, prices
(d) Hold some oil off the market this year, thus decreasing the quantity supplied of oil at lower, but not higher, prices
A supply curve that is parallel to the horizontal axis suggest that_________.
(a) The industry is organized monopolistically.
(b) The relationship between price and quantity supplied is inverse
(c) A change in demand will change the price in the same direction
(d) A change in demand will change the equilibrium quantity but not the price.
If the supply curve and demand curve for lettuce both shift to the left by an equal amount, what can we say about the resulting changes in prices and quantity?
(a) The price will increase but the quantity may increase or decrease.
(b) The price will increase and the quantity will increase
(c) The price will decrease, and the quantity will increase
(d) The price will stay the same but the quantity will increase
(e) The price will stay the same but the quantity will decrease
If the purchase and sale of marijuana become legalized, _________.
(a) The equilibrium price and quantity with both rise.
(b) The equilibrium price will fall, but the change in equilibrium quantity depends upon whether the demand curve shifts, more or the supply curve shifts more.
(c) The equilibrium quantity will rise, but the change in equilibrium price depends upon whether the demand curve shifts more or the supply curve shifts more.
(d) The equilibrium price and quantity will both fall.
Based on the following company statements, which company is most likely to be in the marketing company era?
(a) Our sales force was able to sell intermediaries more of our new product than they can resell in all of this year.
(b) Our marketing manager is coordinating pricing, product decisions, promotion and distribution to help us show a profit at the end of this year.
(c) The whole company is in good shape and demand exceeds what we can produce.
(d) Our long range plan developed by our marketing manager is to expand so that we can profitably meet the long-term needs of our customers.
A company which develops a single marketing mix for the whole market and does not segment the market uses which of the following marketing strategies?
(A) Niche Marketing
(B) Differentiated Marketing.
(C) Undifferentiated Marketing.
(D) Focused Marketing.
The bargaining power of suppliers will be high when:
(a) Suppliers threaten to integrate forward into the industry.
(b) The industry is a key customer group to the suppliers.
(c) There are few buyers and many suppliers.
(d) The products are undifferentiated.
With respect to perceptual maps, the method known as MDS stands for:
(a) Memory Derived Scaling.
(b) Multi-Dimensional Survey.
(c) Marketing Digital Survey.
(d) Multi-Dimensional Scaling.
_______ is the process of naming board product-markets and then segmenting these board product-markets in order to select target markets and develop suitable marketing mixes.
(a) Market positioning
(b) Market Segmentation
(c) Mass marketing
A Marketing philosophy summarized by the phrase “ a stronger focus on social and ethical concerns in marketing” is characteristic of _____________
(a) The selling concept
(b) The market concept
(c) The social market concept
(d) The green market concept
The ideal goal for the marketer is to find a(n)______ group of customers whose needs they can easily and profitably meet.
Knowledge of the _________ clearly enters into the decision of which segments the company should eventually target.
Regarding the phrase “time is money, “what type of effect does time seemingly have on money?
(a) Positive effect.
(b) No Effect.
(c) Little effect.
(d) Negative effect.
Which of the following is critical for successful marketing implementation?
(a) Researching the market and delivering high value products.
(b) Getting and keeping close to the customer.
(c) Maintaining prices at current levels.
(d) Adverting more than competitors.
Which of the following is NOT true of the global matrix structure?
(a) It is often used to alleviate the disadvantages associated with the geographic area structure.
(b) It is often used to alleviate the disadvantages associated with global product division structures.
(c) It is often used for sharing and coordinating responsibilities between product divisions and geographic areas.
(d) This structure benefits front-line manages who now have only one boss-either a country manager or a product division manager.
(e) The matrix structure may add layers of management.
The staffing policy based on the belief that local people are most appropriate is an example of :
(b) Hybrid approach.
Which of the following is an argument in favor of decentralization?
(a) Capability to facilitate corporate-wide coordination.
(b) Consistency in decision-making.
(c) Permits greater speed, flexibility, and innovation.
(d) Sufficient power for corporate-level managers to initiate necessary actions.
(e) None of the above.
The type of knowledge that is codifiable ( that is, it can be written down and transferred without losing much of its richness) is called ____ knowledge.
The Human Development Index was development Initiative.
(a) The oxford poverty and Human Development Initiative.
(b) Sir Richard Jolly, Mahbub UI Haq, Gustav Ranis, and Lord Meghnad Desai.
(c) The New Economics Foundation (NEF).
(d) Bhutan’s kind Jigme Singye Wangchuck.
Which one of the following is not an economic rationale for trade intervention?
(b) Balance of payments consideration.
(c) Preservation of national identity.
(d) Protection to domestic industry.
Which one of the following is also known as Gross National Product (GNP)?
(a) Gross Domestic Income.
(b) Gross National Income.
(c) Net National Income.
(d) Net National Product.
Which country uses “ Gross National Happiness” as an indicator of development?
The document issued by the shipping company in exports is called:
(a) Commercial invoice.
(b) Letter of credit.
(c) Airway bill.
(d) Bill of lading.
Government regulation of the prices charged by natural monopolies is an example of _______.
(a) A safety regulation.
(b) An economic regulation.
(c) An anti-trust regulation.
(d) An anit-trust regulation.
(e) An antimerer regulation.
In the face of demographic pressures dealing with an aging workforce, many employers try to induce____Among their older workers through early retirement incentive programs.
(a) Wage and salary penalties
(b) Work penalties
(e) Voluntary attrition
Title VII of the ______ Act indentifies the following as protected groups: women, African Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans, Asian Americans, and Pacific Islander Americans.
(a) Fair Hiring
(b) Equal employment
(c) Equal opportunity
(d) Civil Rights
An advantage of Statistical forecasting methods is that________.
(a) Under the right conditions, they provide predictions that are much more precise than judgmental methods
(b) They are particularly useful in dynamic environments
(c) They are particularly useful if important events that occur in the labor market have not historical precedent
(d) In the event of a legal dispute, they are more acceptable as evidence by juries
The first step in the human resource planning process is _________.
(a) Forecasting labor demand and supply
(b) Goal setting
(c) Program implementation
(d) Program evolution
Which one of the following is NOT an internal growth strategy?
(a) Vertical integration
(b) Market development
(c) Joint venture
Which one of the following statements about employee referrals as a job recruitment method is true?
(a) Compared with other internal recruiting methods, employee referrals result in the highest one-year survival rate.
(b) The employee referral approach benefits only the employer and not the employee.
(c) The informal employee referral approach is a very low-cost recruitment method.
(d) The employee referral process is a useful method of increasing diversity.
(e) An organizations that relies heavily on employee referrals will have no difficulty in complying with equal employment opportunity goals.
If a company has a federal contract of more than $50,000 and has 50 or more employees, it________.
(a) Must pay its male and female equally
(b) Must have job descriptions for every job
(c) Is legally required to maintain specified number of minority employees
(d) Must have and abide by an equal employment policy
(e) Must have a mission statement that supports diversity
Webb Greenhouse is looking for an accomplished gardener/salesperson. Studies have shown that the best recruiting method to fill this position is / are_____
(a) Ads in the local newspapers
(b) A notice in the local gardening club newsletter
(c) Posting the position on the company Bulletin board
(d) Applications from walk ins
(e) None of the above, research shows no clear differences in employment experiences from any one source.
Which term describes the process of gathering, analyzing, and synthesizing information about the jobs that are being done and any new jobs that are envisaged?
(a) Job description.
(b) Job analysis.
(c) Job specification.
(d) Human resource inventory.
__________ is the process of attempting to locate and encourage potential applicants to apply for existing or anticipated job openings.
Which statement presents a condition that makes blowing the whistle on a company not just permissible but obligatory?
(a) A threat of serious harm exists.
(b) The whistleblower has exhausted all internal channels for resolving the problem.
(c) The harm to be prevented overrides the harm done to the firm and to other employees
(d) The whistleblower has good reason to believe that blowing the whistle will prevent the harm.
To act so that no harm is done to a client would be defined as :
A Salesperson is given public recognition and a large bonus for making a valuable sale that he or she obtained using unethical tactics. This is an example of :
(a) Creating a prospect for reward for unethical behavior
(b) Creating a prospect for reward for ethical behavior
(c) Failing to erect barriers against ethical behavior
(d) Failing to erect barriers against unethical behavior
(e) Obedience to authority.
Although about______percent of American companies have a written code of ethics, surveys indicate that ethical codes are found________ frequently outside the United States.
(a) 90; more
(c) 50; more
(d) 50; less
(e) 50; less
Which of the following IS NOT an example of the charity principle?
(a) Endowing public libraries.
(b) Supporting settlement houses for poor.
(c) Supporting a governmental protection agency.
(d) Donating money to a family-counseling center.
Many pollution control efforts have:
(a) Relatively short payback periods.
(b) Lon-term positive effects on profitability
(c) Relatively short payback periods and long-term positive effects on profitability
(d) Relatively long payback periods.
The right to self-determination and freedom from the control of others is called:
Reina sells tires at extremely high prices in her home country. However, once a particular model of tire is outdated, she sells the tires in another country at a cost lower than the cost of exporting the tires. Reina is participating in:
(a) Price gouging.
Human rights are :
(a) The standards of treatment to which all people are entitled.
(b) Can safely be ignored by international companies
(c) Defined in the United Nations Global Compact
(d) Of no interest to customers of international companies.
Bribes or payoff request:
(a) Are acceptable if they are in the form of large cash disbursements.
(b) Are illegal in the united Sates only if money is the medium of exchange.
(c) Have been deemed acceptable by the U.S. Foreign corrupt Practices Act.
(d) Are frequently associated with nondurable consumer goods.
(e) Are frequently associated with large construction contracts
A Journal entry recording an accrual:
(a) Results in a better matching of revenues and expenses.
(b) Will involve a debit or credit to cash.
(c) Will affect balance sheet accounts only.
(d) Will most likely include a debit to a liability account.
The purpose of the income statement is to show the:
(a) Change in the fair market value of the assets from the prior income statement
(b) Market value per share of stock at the date of the statement
(c) Revenues collected during the period covered by the statement.
(d) Net income or net loss for the period covered by the statement.
A fiscal year:
(a) Is always the same as the calendar year.
(b) Is frequently selected based on the firm’s operating cycle.
(c) Must always end on the same date each year
(d) Must end on the last day of a month
In an inflationary economic environment, the selling price set for a firm’s products will:
(a) Not be affected by the cost flow assumption used.
(b) Be higher if last in First Out is used than if First In First Out is used.
(c) Be higher if First In First Out is used than if Last In First Out is used.
(d) Be derived from the weighted average cost of inventory.
The tendency of the rate earned on stockholders’ equity to vary disproportionately from the rate earned on total assets is sometimes referred to as:
(d) Quick assets
Which of the following is not a transition to be recorded in the accounting records of an entity?
(a) Investment of cash by the owners.
(b) Sale of product to customers.
(c) Receipt of a plaque recognizing the firm’s encouragement of employee participation in the United Way fund drive.
(d) Receipt of Services from a “ quick-print” shop in exchange for the promise to provide advertising design services of equivalent value.
The Journal entry to record the sale or disposition of a depreciable plant asset always includes:
(a) Recognition of a gain.
(b) A debit to the accumulated depreciation account and for the related accumulated depreciation
(c) Recognition of a loss.
(d) A debit to the asset account for the book value of the asset.
The amount of the average investment for a proposed investment of $60,000 in a fixed asset, with a useful life of four years, straight-line depreciation, o residual value, and an expected total net income of $ 21,600 for the 4 years, is:
For which of the following reconciling items would an adjusting entry be necessary?
(a) A deposit in transit.
(b) An error by the bank.
(c) Outstanding checks.
(d) A bank service charge.
The principle of consistency means that:
(a) The accounting methods used by an entity never change.
(b) The same accounting methods are used by all firms in an industry
(c) The effect of any change in an accounting method will be disclosed in the financial statements or notes thereto.
(d) There are not alternative methods of accounting for the same transaction